Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Situation Variables vs. Person Variables? Walter Mischel argued that most traditional personality theories focus on person variables (variables that are thoug - Essayabode

 

 Situation Variables vs. Person Variables 

Walter Mischel argued that most traditional personality theories focus on person variables (variables that are thought to exist in a person) and do not focus on situation variables (variables that are thought to exist in a situation).

Based on your reading about Walter Mischel, answer the following:

  • Explain the proposition given by Walter Mischel on the focus of traditional personality theories on person variables instead of situation variables in your own words.

Skinner studied overt behavior and rejected studying internal processes as determinants of behavior.

Based on your reading about Skinner, answer the following:

  • Discuss why Skinner studied overt behavior and rejected studying internal processes as determinants of behavior.

respond 1 response 

· Response 1

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· Explain the proposition given by Walter Mischel on the focus of traditional personality theories on person variables instead of situation variables in your own words.

Walter Mischel suggested that traditional personality theories place too much emphasis on person variables and not enough on situation variables. He argued that behavior is not solely driven by stable traits but also significantly influenced by the situation a person is in. Mischel believed that understanding personality requires considering how situational factors interact with personal variables to shape behavior. Walter Mischel proposed that traditional personality theories overly focus on person variables and neglect the importance of situation variables suggesting that behavior is influenced by both personal traits and situational factors. 

· Discuss why Skinner studied overt behavior and rejected studying internal processes as determinants of behavior.

Skinner studied overt behavior and rejected studying internal processes because he believed that science should be objective and based on observable and measurable actions. Internal processes are subjective and difficult to measure, whereas environmental stimuli and responses provide more reliable data for understanding and shaping behavior.