Chat with us, powered by LiveChat Module 4: Physical, Cognitive and Psychosocial Changes in Infancy and Early Childhood - Essayabode

PSYC 283

 

Human development

 

Introduction

 

Infancy is the period that comprises birth at age three, while early

 

childhood begins at age three and ends at age six.

 

The genes that the infant inherits have a powerful influence on whether

 

he will be tall or short, thin or burly. This genetic influence interacts with

 

environmental influence, such as nutrition and living conditions, which

 

also affects overall health and well-being.

 

Objectives

 

Identify the main physical, cognitive and psychosocial changes in infancy and early childhood.

 

Differentiate between parenting styles.

 

Analyze the importance of attachment in human development.

 

Attachment

 

Attachment is an emotional bond between the infant and the caregiver, where both contribute to the quality of the relationship and make the bond reciprocal and lasting.

 

John Bowlby (1951), was a pioneer in research on the formation of affective bonds between animals. From his studies and observations of children with disorders, he became convinced of the importance of the bond between mother and baby and opposed separating them without good foster care.

 

Attachment

 

Larry Harlow studied Bowlby’s theory of

 

attachment and maternal deprivation. To do this,

 

he conducted an experiment with Rhesus

 

monkeys (which under current ethical standards

 

would be unfeasible because of the cruelty it

 

entailed).

 

Harlow separated some offspring from their

 

mothers and observed how their maternal

 

deprivation was expressed.

 

Attachment

 

Mary Ainsworth, created

 

the strange situation, a

 

laboratory technique that

 

is now classic, designed to

 

assess attachment

 

patterns between infant

 

and adult.

 

¡Congratulations you have completed the theoretical

 

summary of this week’s topic!

 

Actively participate in collaborative sessions.

 

Remember that to successfully build your learning it is important that:

 

Review as many times as you require the information contained in the modules folder

 

(includes this presentation).

 

Read the reference material to clarify doubts.

 

Develop all activities as stated in the instructions.

 

Submit assignments on the date indicated through the educational platform.