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Introduce the topic of your report.

Analyze and explain the relevance of the issue and key components of prevention and decreasing the burden of the disease within communities.

  • Explain how the issues involved impact the global management of healthcare.

Summarize what you have learned about this illness and its financial burden on Africa.


Case Study:  Critical Crisis in Africa – The Spread of AIDS.

  • The United Nations needs assistance for a critical international mission. They chose three qualified students from four universities working on a degree in Public Health to assist in developing protocols to reduce the burden of HIV on sub-Saharan Africa. You and two others have been chosen to represent GMC and will be located in Southern Africa, where the need is greatest. Your task is to demonstrate your learned abilities and leadership skills by recommending protocols that may serve to ease the burden of disease in the communities within the southern region.  

You will have a two-hour debriefing session with representatives from the Ministry of Health in Africa, where you may ask questions prior to leaving in just 48 hours. The United States, England, Germany, and the government of Africa have agreed to provide whatever resources are needed to aid in the prevention and spread of HIV in Africa.

  • Background:

There are roughly 23.8 million people infected with HIV in Africa, and the nation has the largest number of HIV-positive children hovering over 92%. The largest concentration of the disease is in the eastern and southern regions. Of the deaths related to AIDS and HIV infections, 74% were of people living in Africa, and the disease has caused the nation’s average life span to decrease to 55 years, and in some areas, it is below 45.

  • The HIV/AIDS epidemic has drastically slowed Africa’s social and economic growth because multitudes are unable to work or go to school. Limited supplies of condoms, antiviral drugs, and access to qualified healthcare providers continue to pose a burden on the country. Currently, only a third of HIV-positive patients get adequate treatment. Education is also limited from young children through adulthood. Contraceptive use of condoms has doubled in recent years to prevent the spread of the disease, and some good results are being reported. Unfortunately, the use of condoms and other forms of prevention is not adequate enough as it is difficult to contain the spread of the disease because there is no collection of data available in some regions to track individuals who have already engaged with infected persons. Since the global pandemic was recognized, over 36 million Africans have died from HIV or related complications, with more than a million dying almost every subsequent year. To date, over 78 million Africans have contracted the disease.

In your Case Report, Address the Following Questions.

  • Complete the report with a summary paragraph including your opinion as to how to develop new improvement possibilities.

What should the students know about the community before they go?

  • How will the students find out about the community?

What sort of burden do short-term mission trips place on communities in developing countries?

What global partner would be most likely to provide supplies on a long-term basis? What supplies are these countries noted for supplying in a crisis?

Why has the use of condoms been effective? How can this be made even more efficient?

What are some rational suggestions that would help ease the financial burden of such a widespread, proliferating disease in the Southern region?

What political aspects between global partners could pose constraints, if any?

What are some of the detriments in preventing the spread of HIV and AIDS, and how can they be rectified to ease the spread and burden of disease in Africa?

How are children most likely infected with HIV? Is there an education for prevention campaign in place?